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How to invest in cryptocurrencies: a step-by-step guide

Colossos blog post - how to invest into cryptocurrencies


What you should know first 

Definition: cryptocurrencies are digital representations of value, secured by encryption and utilizing Distributed Ledger Technology (DLT) for decentralized and secure data storage.

Types: the market is filled with a variety of cryptocurrencies. Unlike tangible assets, many of these are unbacked, relying on market demand for their value.

Creation and regulation: cryptocurrencies are developed by diverse groups and individuals. Unlike traditional currencies, they lack centralized regulation, but are increasingly subject to international regulations like the EU’s Markets in Crypto-Assets (MiCA) regulation.

Key cryptocurrencies 

  1. Bitcoin (BTC): the first and most renowned cryptocurrency, known for its market volatility. Know more about Bitcoin.
  2. Ethereum (ETH): distinguished for its smart contracts functionality. Know more about Ethereum.
  3. Tether (USDT): a stablecoin, less volatile in theory, but with regulatory challenges. Know more about Tether.
  4. Ripple (XRP): facilitates rapid and cost-effective international transactions. Know more about Ripple.

Glossary of common cryptocurrency terms 

  • Cryptocurrency: a digital or virtual currency.
  • Blockchain: technology for recording transactions across multiple computers.
  • Bitcoin (BTC): the first and most notable cryptocurrency.
  • Ethereum (ETH): known for Smart Contracts and DApps.
  • Altcoins: cryptocurrencies other than Bitcoin.
  • Wallet: digital storage for cryptocurrencies.
  • Exchange: a platform for buying, selling, and trading cryptocurrencies.
  • ICO (Initial Coin Offering): a method of raising capital in which new projects sell their underlying crypto tokens.
  • Token: a digital asset on a blockchain, representing an asset or utility.
  • Mining: the process of validating blockchain transactions and releasing new coins.
  • DYOR (Do Your Own Research): the practice of thoroughly researching and understanding an investment before committing to it.
  • Whale: an individual or entity that holds a significant amount of cryptocurrency, potentially influencing market movements.

How to invest in cryptocurrencies, step-by-step

Step 1: research and understand the market

To gain knowledge about a project, you need to understand what its value proposition is. You can start by reading its white paper, checking the team behind the project, and trying to understand their solution. Discover resources like the Bitcoin Whitepaper and Ethereum’s website.

Step 2: set clear investment goals

Decide on your investment objectives, whether short-term gains or long-term investments.

Step 3: choose a cryptocurrency

Familiarize yourself with major cryptocurrencies and assess altcoins. Before investing in a project, we highly recommend you to do research about it.

Step 4: select a secure wallet

Choose between hardware and software wallets based on your needs.

Step 5: find a reputable exchange

Look for exchanges with strong security measures and user-friendly interfaces.

Step 6: invest and diversify

Begin with small investments and diversify your portfolio.

Step 7: stay informed and adjust your strategy

Keep up with market trends and be ready to modify your strategy.

Step 8: practice safe investment habits

Prioritize security and invest responsibly.

Step 9: consider the tax implications

Be aware of tax regulations related to cryptocurrency investments.

Step 10: explore advanced investment strategies

Consider advanced strategies like staking, yield farming, or ICOs.

What are the risks of investing?

Market volatility: perhaps the most well-known risk in the crypto world is volatility. Cryptocurrencies can experience significant price fluctuations within a very short time frame. This volatility is driven by various factors, including market sentiment, regulatory news, technological advancements, and macroeconomic trends.

Liquidity: liquidity refers to how easily a cryptocurrency can be bought and sold at stable prices. While major cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin and Ethereum generally offer good liquidity, many smaller altcoins do not. Low liquidity can lead to increased volatility — prices may sharply rise or fall when significant trades are made.

Scams: the crypto market, being relatively new and sometimes poorly understood, has attracted its fair share of scams and fraudulent schemes. It’s essential for investors to conduct thorough due diligence and remain skeptical of offers that seem too good to be true.

Limited use as a payment method: currently, the use of cryptocurrencies as a mainstream payment method is limited. While there are growing instances of crypto adoption in various sectors, the widespread acceptance of cryptocurrencies as a payment method is still in its nascent stages. This limitation can impact their utility and acceptance, influencing investor sentiment.


Investing in cryptocurrencies offers both opportunities and challenges. By being well-informed and cautious, you can navigate this dynamic market. The key to success lies in research, diversification, and a strategic approach.


This blog post is for educational purposes only and does not constitute financial advice. Information is sourced from reputable cryptocurrency websites and platforms like,, and various cryptocurrency news outlets.


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About Colossos

Colossos offers a simple crypto banking solution that integrates both banking and crypto features into a single account. With Colossos, you can easily purchase your first cryptocurrencies without having to create an account on complex crypto exchanges, and without the risk of scrutiny from your traditional bank.